Brachycephalic breeds typically have a flat face and nose and a short head (Chihuahas with apple heads are the exception). These breeds have partially obstructed airways and have a difficult time breathing, leading to snoring, snorting, reverse sneezing and challenges catching their breath.
Brachycephalic breeds include Cane Corso, Rottweiler, Affenpinscher, Pug, Bulldog, French Bulldog, Pekinese, Chow Chow, Pitbulls, Pomeranians, Boston Terrier, Shitzhu and other breeds
6 Tips on How to deal with Brachycephalic dogs
Take It Easy!
1. These breeds tire easily during exercise so never overdo it. They may cough, vomit or gag during exercise.
Stay Out Of The Heat!
2 .Hot weather is the enemy. Never over-exercise these dogs in hot weather. If they have severe respiratory issues walk them earlier or later in the day when its cooler. Always carry water and it might not be a bad idea to carry a cooling fan or even put a cooling jacket on your dog. Hot weather can cause heatstroke because Brachycephalic dogs cannot draw in enough air to cool their bodies which can lead to vomiting or seizures.
3. When walking your dog use a harness instead of a collar which can inhibit breathing
Stay In Shape!
4. Keep their weight down
5. If you notice your dog is really struggling during heat, stress or exercise meet with your Vet. Your dog could have Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome which can lead to serious respiratory distress, an elevated heart rate and a life-threatening crisis. In some cases surgical options like palate shortening or surgery to open up collapsed nostrils are essential.
No Dog Left Behind
6. Never leave your dog or any in the summertime in a car when its hot even if the window is slightly open. This could kill a Brachycephalic dog
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What is the purpose of flat-faced breeds? - Many flat face breeds were cosmetically bred to look more like people who have flat faces. Bulldogs had flat faces for more functional reasons like the past cruel sport of Bull Baiting.